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Tiny Red Spots on Skin (Petechiae), What Is This?

by Sarah Syakira

Tiny red spots on skin often suffered by adults to old age. Perhaps you see these red spots on skin especially in the chest, neck, or shoulder area even the ribs. The Color is varies, there are red, purple, and brown. It is can be because internal bleeding or capillary leak. Small red spots usually appear in groups and its form is like rashes. Luckily, red spots on the skin does not cause itching.

In the medical world these small red spots are known by the name petechiae. The shape is very small, maybe about 3 mm. The face, arms, neck, chest is a common part that are be target for petechiae.

Signs and Symptoms of Tiny Red Spots on Skin

Petechiae usually does not itch, but there are also some people feel itchy. The red spots have signs and symptoms as follows:

  • Blood clots under the skin (hematoma)
  • Excessive gum bleeding
  • Easily bleeding when bruising
  • The presence of bleeding in the joints
  • Mystery Nosebleed
  • Hemorrhagic bleeding occurs during the menstrual period.
  • Causes Red Spot On Skin (Petechiae)

Petechiae is very high number disease that suffered by population over the world. It is may be the result of some poor health conditions. However, to know for sure, it is important for you to contact your doctor. He will explain you whether Petechiae is serious or just a regular phenomenon. Here are some common causes that associated to red spots on skin.

1. Prolonged Straining

Excessive tension is also suspected to be the cause of Petechiae, especially those that occur in the chest, face and neck. This straining can occur as the effect of childbirth, weight lifting. May also happen to choking, frequent vomiting, long crying or coughing.

2. Thrombocytopenia

While tiny red spots that appear on the feet are referred to symptoms of thrombocytopenia. This is a condition marked by a low number of red blood cells. Another thing that may happen is the effect of taking certain drugs or due to immune disorders. Is something more dangerous than leukemia.

3. Effect of Taking Certain Medications

Red spots on skin can also occur due to taking certain medications. Among the drugs that can cause Petechiae are aspirin, nitrofurantoin, indomethacin, atropine, chloral hydrate, aspirin, nitrofurantoin, indomethacin, atropine, chloral hydrate, phenytoin, linezolid, esipramine, penicillin, chlorothiazide, cortisone, rifampicin, quinine, cimetidine, naproxen and carbamazepine as well as several other drugs.

4. Injuries or Sunburns

Under certain circumstances such as injury and trauma can cause petechiae also especially in the eyes and face. Trauma can happen due to accidents, natural disasters or other things. In addition to injuries, petechiae can also occur due to exposure to severe sunlight.

5. Allergic Reactions

Other causes, red spots on the skin can occur due to allergic reactions such as purpura Allergic. It is a hemorrhagic disease that causes blood flow under the skin to become a trigger for petechiae.

6. Sepsis

Severe sepsis that occurs in you can cause Petechiae due to a lack of platelets. This is a health condition due to infection and can be life-threatening. The problem occurs when chemicals are released in the bloodstream to treat the infection. Sepsis in addition to causing small red spots also causes a drastic drop in blood pressure, this is what is feared because it can cause death.

7. Malnutrition

Malnutrition is a common cause of the appearance of small red spots on skin. This red spot can occur due to malnutrition such as vitamin C, vitamin K, B, B9, folate and vitamin B12 deficiency.

8. Autoimmune Diseases

Furthermore, red spots on the skin appear due to health problems such as autoimmune. Among the autoimmune diseases associated with this are lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a health condition, which white blood cells invade cartilage in the joints. The effects are inflammation, rash, small peacock shoots can appear in the area. In addition to this, patients with lupus can also be affected by Petechiae.

9. Scarlet Fever

Those suffering from sore throat sometimes have scarlet fever. Well, when this fever appears, small red spots on the skin will appear on the entire body. The red spots will feel like sandpaper and sun exposure. Other symptoms of scarlet fever are high fever, flushed face, sore throat, and strawberry tongue.

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